Wordprocessing

A Predictive 3D Multi-Scale Model of Biliary Fluid Dynamics in the Liver Lobule

Abstract:

Bile, the central metabolic product of the liver, is transported by the bile canaliculi network. The impairment of bile flow in cholestatic liver diseases has urged a demand for insights into its regulation. Here, we developed a predictive 3D multi-scale model that simulates fluid dynamic properties successively from the subcellular to the tissue level. The model integrates the structure of the bile canalicular network in the mouse liver lobule, as determined by high-resolution confocal and serial block-face scanning electron microscopy, with measurements of bile transport by intravital microscopy. The combined experiment-theory approach revealed spatial heterogeneities of biliary geometry and hepatocyte transport activity. Based on this, our model predicts gradients of bile velocity and pressure in the liver lobule. Validation of the model predictions by pharmacological inhibition of Rho kinase demonstrated a requirement of canaliculi contractility for bile flow in vivo. Our model can be applied to functionally characterize liver diseases and quantitatively estimate biliary transport upon drug-induced liver injury.

28330614

Projects: Showcase LIAM (Liver Image Analysis Based Model)

Cell Syst
Cell Syst. 2017 Mar 15. pii: S2405-4712(17)30052-2. doi: 10.1016/j.cels.2017.02.008.
24th Mar 2017

K. Meyer, O. Ostrenko, G. Bourantas, H. Morales-Navarrete, N. Porat-Shliom, F. Segovia-Miranda, H. Nonaka, A. Ghaemi, J. M. Verbavatz, L. Brusch, I. Sbalzarini, Y. Kalaidzidis, R. Weigert, M. Zerial

help Authors

[Kirstin Meyer] [Hidenori Nonaka] [Lutz Brusch] [Marino Zerial]

help Attributions

None

help Scales


Liver lobule
Views: 716
  • Created: 25th Jul 2017 at 13:19

Related items

Ajax-loader-large

Log in / Register

Need an account?
Sign up

Forgotten password?

Front Page

Virtual Liver Network

(v.0.22.0)

Related Projects and friends


Imprint Taverna workflow workbench myExperiment JWS Online ISATAB myGrid Sabio-RK BioPortal Semantic SBML

Powered by:

Ror-logo-32

Icons:
Silk icons 1.3
Crystal Clear icons