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The Therapeutic Promise of Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Liver Restoration

Abstract:

Hepatocyte transplantation aims to provide a functional substitution of liver tissue lost due to trauma or toxins. Chronic liver diseases are associated with inflammation, deterioration of tissue homeostasis, and deprivation of metabolic capacity. Recent advances in liver biology have focused on the pro-regenerative features of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We argue that MSCs represent an attractive therapeutic option to treat liver disease. Indeed, their pleiotropic actions include the modulation of immune reactions, the stimulation of cell proliferation, and the attenuation of cell death responses. These characteristics are highly warranted add-ons to their capacity for hepatocyte differentiation. Undoubtedly, the elucidation of the regenerative mechanisms of MSCs in different liver diseases will promote their versatile and disease-specific therapeutic use.

26476857

Projects: C6: Organization and function of the sinusoidal system and the liver lob...

Trends Mol Med
Trends Mol Med. 2015 Nov;21(11):673-86. doi: 10.1016/j.molmed.2015.09.004. Epub 2015 Oct 22.
22nd Oct 2015

B. Christ, S. Bruckner, S. Winkler

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[Bruno Christ] [Sandra Brückner]

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Liver
Views: 1105
  • Created: 11th Nov 2015 at 11:21

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