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Modelling proteasome and proteasome regulator activities

Abstract:

Proteasomes are key proteases involved in a variety of processes ranging from the clearance of damaged proteins to the presentation of antigens to CD8+ T-lymphocytes. Which cleavage sites are used within the target proteins and how fast these proteins are degraded have a profound impact on immune system function and many cellular metabolic processes. The regulation of proteasome activity involves different mechanisms, such as the substitution of the catalytic subunits, the binding of regulatory complexes to proteasome gates and the proteasome conformational modifications triggered by the target protein itself. Mathematical models are invaluable in the analysis; and potentially allow us to predict the complex interactions of proteasome regulatory mechanisms and the final outcomes of the protein degradation rate and MHC class I epitope generation. The pioneering attempts that have been made to mathematically model proteasome activity, cleavage preference variation and their modification by one of the regulatory mechanisms are reviewed here.

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Biomolecules
Biomolecules 4(2): 585-99
28th Jun 2014

Juliane Liepe, Herman-Georg Holzhütter, Peter M Kloetzel, Michael P H Stumpf, Michele Mishto

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[Hermann-Georg Holzhütter]

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  • Created: 6th Jan 2015 at 09:32

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