Caspase-8 activity has an essential role in CD95/Fas-mediated MAPK activation


Stimulation of CD95/Fas/APO-1 results in the induction of both apoptotic and non-apoptotic signaling pathways. The processes regulating these two opposing pathways have not been thoroughly elucidated to date. In this study, using quantitative immunoblots, imaging, and mathematical modeling, we addressed the dynamics of the DED proteins of the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC), procaspase-8, and cellular FLICE inhibitory proteins (c-FLIPs) to the onset of CD95-mediated ERK1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation. We found that CD95 DISC-induced caspase-8 activity is important for the initiation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK activation. The long c-FLIP isoform, c-FLIP(L), and the short c-FLIP isoform, c-FLIP(R), inhibited MAPK induction by blocking caspase-8 processing at the DISC. Furthermore, we built a mathematical model describing CD95 DISC-mediated MAPK activation and apoptosis. The model quantitatively defined the dynamics of DED proteins, procaspase-8, and c-FLIP, which lead to caspase-8 activation and induction of apoptotic and non-apoptotic signaling pathways. In conclusion, the combination of biochemical analysis with mathematical modeling provides evidence for an important role of caspase-8 in CD95-mediated activation of MAPKs, while c-FLIP exerts a regulatory function in this process.


Projects: A2.2: Regulation of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic responses in hepato...

Cell Death Dis
Cell Death Dis 2: e212
7th Oct 2011

A M M Kober, S Legewie, C Pforr, N Fricker, R Eils, P H Krammer, I N Lavrik

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[Stefan Legewie]

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Views: 2193
  • Created: 3rd Sep 2012 at 11:25
  • Last updated: 24th Oct 2013 at 16:17

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